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  • Couples and single women
  • Must be at least 25 years of age
  • No more than 50 years older than the child

Children Needing Families:

  • Children qualifying for international adoption can be found on two separate waiting lists: one for healthy children, and one for children who are older or who have special needs.

  • Children range in age from 2 years to 15 years old.

  • The most common medical issues in Bulgarian children are from a lack of prenatal care by the birth mother.
  • The most common special needs are from delays in psycho-motor development (also other developmental delays), hydrocephaly (sometimes with a shunt already administered), and cerebral palsy.
  • Children are raised mostly in orphanages. However, there are also foster care homes.
  • Bulgarian children who need adoption are generally of Roma or Turkish origins. Bulgaria also has a large Slavic population.
  • Bulgaria provides very detailed referral information. Each child’s referral includes a picture, a detailed medical report, and sometimes videos. Additional information about children can be provided through our international coordinators.

Requirements & Process:

In order to begin a Bulgarian adoption, each family must complete a Hague-approved home study and dossier. We walk our families through each step of the dossier process, which is shorter for Bulgaria than in most other countries. Once the home study and dossier are complete, they can be submitted to The Ministry of Justice in Bulgaria.


Avg. Referral Waits:

  • For healthy children up to 3 years, the referral wait time is 4 years.
  • For healthy children 4-7 years, the wait time is 3-4 years.
  • For healthy older children (7 years and up), the wait time is 2-3 years.
  • For sibling groups the wait time is dependent on the age of the children.
  • For Special Needs children, there may be no wait time. In fact, once the child has been selected by a family, a referral can be held for up to 6 months while the necessary paperwork is completed. Contact KidsFirst to find a complete list of the current waiting children and to learn more about them.
  • Bulgaria's Ministry of Justice will help match the children with families.
  • We assist families in compiling a detailed list of medical conditions they may be comfortable with. The preferences could influence wait times.


Families will travel approximately 2-3 months after they accept a referral. The first trip lasts 1 week, and both parents must travel. The second trip takes place 3-4 months after the first trip. It is 1 week long, and only 1 parent must travel if both cannot. The court date for a Bulgarian adoption is not attended by the family. It takes place in the time between the two trips, and is handled by our Bulgarian partners.